Incontinence Associated Dermatitis affects all ages, races and genders and is the result of prolonged exposure to moisture from urine, feces and perspiration. The first signs of this condition are redness and inflammation in the buttock or peri area. Prolonged wetness can lead to a loss of layers of skin which can eventually lead to a skin sore.
A pressure ulcer is a localized injury to the skin and/or underlying tissue most commonly over a bony area in combination with shear and friction. When the skin barrier becomes compromised from the exposure of urine and or feces for an increased period of time, maceration will occur. As a result, these changes in the skin will increase the coefficient friction of the skin making it much more susceptible to damage. The damaged skin, especially in the area of bony prominences, continues to break down with prolonged pressure.
It is critical that individuals dealing with incontinence understand the importance of maintaining healthy skin. To prevent Incontinence Associated Dermatitis (Diaper Dermatitis) which can lead to a full blown pressure ulcer within 5 days, it's important to keep the skin dry and protected. Along with an effective skin care protocol such as proper cleansing, the use of a high performance incontinent product is key.